POSTERS: Pathogen dispersal and survival
Modeling the temporal dynamics of Leptosphaeria maculans ascospore dispersal in North Dakota
Luis del Rio Mendoza - North Dakota State Univ. Kishore Chittem- North Dakota State University, Travis Porchaska- North Dakota State University, Venkataramana Chapara- North Dakota State University, Sudha G C Upadhaya- North Dakota State University
Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculan
inflicts greatest canola yield losses when plants are infected before reaching the six-leaf growth stage.
During this period, fungicide applications made more than one week after initial infection provide significantly less protection. The objectives of this study were to characterize the dynamics of L. maculans
ascospore dispersal and to identify environmental factors associated with this phenomenon. Airborne ascospores concentrations were monitored using Burkard 7-day volumetric samplers between mid-May and mid-July in Langdon, ND in 2017 and 2018. Ascospores were identified and counted under compound microscope. Concentrations > 5 ascospores/m3
of air were considered peaks. Ascospores concentrations peaked during mid to late June in both years when canola plants were at early bud to flowering stage. Logistic regression analysis indicated there was a significant association between ascospore peaks and seven-day moving averages of daily mean relative humidity and soil temperature. In this way, there is a 50% probability that ascospores peaks would occur when the daily mean relative humidity is at 50% and the soil temperature is at 15o
C. These results
suggest that a warning-system could be developed; however, additional locations-years are needed to strengthen it before it is deployed.