POSTERS: Biotechnology and genetic engineering
CRISPR-LbCas12a (LbCpf1)-mediated modification of citrus
Hongge Jia - CREC, University of Florida. Nian Wang- Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida
Recently, CRISPR-Cas12a (Cpf1) from Prevotella and Francisella was engineered to modify plant genomes. In this report, we employed CRISPR-LbCas12a (LbCpf1), which is derived from Lachnospiraceae bacterium ND2006, to edit a citrus genome for the first time. First, LbCas12a was used to modify the CsPDS gene successfully in Duncan grapefruit via Xcc-facilitated agroinfiltration. Next, LbCas12a driven by either the 35S or Yao promoter was used to edit the PthA4 effector binding elements in the promoter (EBEPthA4-CsLOBP) of CsLOB1. A single crRNA was selected to target a conserved region of both Type I and Type II CsLOBPs, since the protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) of LbCas12a (TTTV) allows crRNA to act on the conserved region of these two types of CsLOBP. CsLOB1 is the canker susceptibility gene, and it is induced by the corresponding pathogenicity factor PthA4 in Xanthomonas citri by binding to EBEPthA4-CsLOBP. A total of seven 35S-LbCas12a-transformed Duncan plants were generated, and they were designated as #D35s1 to #D35s7, and ten Yao-LbCas12a-transformed Duncan plants were created and designated as #DYao1 to #DYao10. LbCas12a-directed EBEPthA4-CsLOBP modifications were observed in three 35S-LbCas12a-transformed Duncan plants (#D35s1, #D35s4 and #D35s7). However, no LbCas12a-mediated indels were observed in the Yao-LbCas12a-transformed plants. Notably, transgenic line #D35s4, which contains the highest mutation rate, alleviates Xcc?pthA4:dCsLOB1.4 infection. Therefore, CRISPR-LbCas12a can readily be used as a powerful tool for citrus genome editing.