Poster: Molecular & Cellular Plant-Microbe Interactions: Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Role of Cryphonectria parasitica Cdc48-like gene, CpCdc48 in regulation of growth & cell division.
D. KIM (1) (1) Chonbuk National University, South Korea
Functional analysis of a cell division cycle 48 (CDC48) ortholog, CpCdc48, from Cryphonectria parasitica was performed via construction of a CpCdc48-null mutant. Genotype analysis revealed that the putative CpCdc48-null mutant was a heterokaryotic transformant containing two different types of nuclei (i.e., one with the wild-type CpCdc48 allele and the other with the CpCdc48-null mutant allele). Although stable mycelial growth of the heterokaryotic transformant was observed on media containing hygromycin B, neither germination nor growth of the resulting spores was observed on selection media, suggesting that the CpCdc48 gene is essential. Microscopic analysis of germinated conidia from the heterokaryon demonstrated that although there were normal germinating spores due to the wild-type conidia, there were many residual conidia that did not germinate. However, with prolonged incubation, non-germinating conidia began to swell into gigantic globose spores. DAPI staining and FACS analysis of the gigantic spores revealed the presence of multiple nuclei. These gigantic conidia did not show any signs of polarized growth and underwent autolysis with further incubation. These findings indicate that the CpCdc48 gene is responsible for delayed cell cycle during spore germination, resulting in some karyokinesis, but not following spore cytokinesis. Thus, CpCdc48 is essential for cell division and polarized growth.