APS Homepage

Poster: Diseases of Plants: Disease Detection & Diagnosis


Beet curly top virus strains associated with sugar beet in Idaho, Oregon, and a survey collection
C. STRAUSBAUGH (1), I. Eujayl (1), B. Wintermantel (2) (1) USDA-ARS, U.S.A.; (2) USDA-ARS, U.S.A.

Curly top of sugar beet is a serious yield limiting disease in semi-arid production areas caused by Beet curly top virus (BCTV) and vectored by the beet leafhopper. The primary means of control for BCTV is host resistance, but effectiveness of resistance can vary with BCTV strain. BCTV variation was last investigated in Idaho and Oregon during a 2006-2007 survey, but changes in disease severity suggested a need for reevaluation. Therefore, 406 leaf samples symptomatic for curly top were collected from sugar beet plants in commercial sugar beet fields in Idaho and Oregon from 2012 to 2015. DNA was isolated and the BCTV strain composition was investigated based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays with strain specific primers for Severe (Svr) and California/Logan (CA/Logan) strains and nonspecific primers that amplified Worland (Wor)-like strains. The 2006-2007 ID/OR BCTV positive samples from sugar beet included the following strains: 87% Svr, 7% CA/Logan, and 60% Wor-like. BCTV strain distribution in the new survey averaged 2% Svr, 30% CA/Logan, and 87% Wor-like. Whole genome sequencing (GenBank accessions KT276895 to KT276920) with overlapping primers, suggests that the Wor-like strains included Wor, Colorado (CO), and a previously undescribed strain designated Kimberly1 (Kim1). These data indicate there was a shift from Svr being one of the dominant BCTV strains in commercial sugar beet fields in 2006-2007 to being undetected at times in recent years.