Ackerman, J. 2002. Food: How safe? How altered? National Geographic 201(5):2-50 [May 2002] As is typical for National Geographic, stunningly informative and beautiful photographs illustrate this comprehensive article on food safety. The "how altered?" section offers current and balanced insights.
Andrews, J. H. 1980. Plant disease as a biological phenomenon. BioScience 30(10):647. This is the lead Opinion piece in an issue of Bioscience devoted to integrated pest management. The articles by W. E. Fry and H. D. Thurston and by G. W. Bird and I. J. Thomason are directly pertinent to plant pathology.
Austin, M. J., P. Muskett, K. Kahn, B. J. Feys, J. D. G. Jones, and J. E. Parker. 2002. Regulatory role of SGT1 in early R gene-mediated plant defenses. Science 295:2077-2080. Data reported in this paper imply operationally distinct but cooperative functions of SGT1 and RAR1 in plant disease resistance.
Azevedo, C., A. Sadanandom, K. Kitagawa, A. Freialdenhoven, K. Shirasu, and P. Schylze-Lefert. 2002. The RAR1 interactor SGT1, a essential component of R gene-triggered disease resistance. Science 295:2073-2076 [March 15, 2002]. This paper reports plant disease resistance genes that converge on RAR1 in their signaling pathways.
Baskin, Y. 1998. Trouble at Timberline. Natural History 107(9):50-55. The current status of white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) in the western forests.
Blackwell, M. 2000. Terrestrial life - fungal from the start. Science 289(5486):1884-5. The role of fungi as early terrestrial life forms is considered.
Brown, K. 2001. Genetically modified foods: are they safe? Scientific American 284(4):50-57. This is a summary of scientific research on the safety of genetically modified foods.
Diener, T.O. 1981. Viroids. Scientific American 244(1):66-73. The story of the discovery and early research on viroids.
Diener, T. O. 1982. Viroids: minimal biological systems. BioScience 32(1):38-44. This article is a concise summary of the early research on viroids and the diseases that they cause.
Gadsby, P. 2002. Endangered chocolate. Discover 23(8): 64-71. [August, 2002] This thoroughly engaging article intertwines good information about major diseases of cocao with the history and current economics of the crop.
Garelik, G. 2002. Taking the bite out of potato blight. Science 298(5599):1702-1704. [November 29, 2002] This article summarizes the work of the Global Initiative on Late Blight.
Guttman, D. S., B. A. Vinatzer, S. F. Sarkar, M. V. Ranall, G. Kettler, and J. T. Greenberg. 2002. A functional screen for the type III (Hrp) secretome of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Science 295:1722-1726 [March 1, 2002]. An in vivo genetic screen was used to identify 13 effectors secreted by Pseudomonas syringae.
Harvell, C.D., C. E. Mitchell, J.R. Ward, S. Altizer, A. P. Dobson, R.S. Ostfeld, and M.D. Samuel. Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science 296(5576):2158-2162. [June 21, 2002] This comprehensive review article considers the impacts of climate changes on plant diseases.
Hines, P. J, Marx, J. et al. The endless race between plant and pathogen. Science 292(5525):2269-2289. This cover story from the June 22, 2001, issue of Science contains six articles describing the current state of several areas of research in plant pathology.
Insight Review Articles on Plant Defense from the journal Nature, June, 2001- 411:825-868.
Madden, L. V. and F. van dem Bosch. 2002. A population-dynamics approach to assess the threat of plant pathogens as biological weapons against annual crops. Bioscience 52(1):65-75 [January 2002]. A coupled differential-equation model is used to show the conditions that are necessary for long-term persistence of a plant disease after a pathogenic microorganism is introduced into a susceptible annual crop.
Marchand, P. J. 2000. Life on a leaf. Natural History 109(4):70 - 73. A brief and highly informative introduction to fungal ecology of leaves.
Marvier, M. 2001. Ecology of transgenic crops. American Scientist 89(2):160-167. The article presents a clear analysis of some of the problems involved in measuring some of the risks associated with transgenic crops.
McCoy, R. E. 1988. What's killing the palm trees? National Geographic 174(1): 120-130. A beautifully illustrated article about the epidemic of lethal yellowing of palm trees in the Western Hemisphere.
Meisler, S. 1999. A masterpiece born of St. Anthony's fire. Smithsonian 30(6):70-76. A description and history of a massive altarpiece that played important mystical and psychological roles in the treatment of ergotism.
Mitchell, J. K., K. M. Orsted and C.E. Warnes. 1997. Fun microbiology: using a plant pathogenic fungus to demonstrate Koch's postulates. American Biology Teacher 59:574-577. This article describes a laboratory exercise using the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene to infect Aeschynomene virginica (northern jointvetch, curly indigo).
Moffat, A.S. 1999. Geminiviruses emerge as serious crop threat. Science 286: 1835. The worldwide spread and potential impact of geminiviruses are described.
Nelson, R. 1998. The blight is back. Scientific American. 278(2)20-26. This article reviews the re-emergence of late blight of potato in the United States.
Nickens, T. E. 2002. Sherlock of spuds. Smithsonian 33(9):30-31. [December, 2002] Plant Pathologist Jean Ristaino uses molecular techniques to determine which strain of Phytophthora infestans caused late blight of potatoes from samples taken from leaves that were collected in Ireland, Britain and France during the 1840's.
Nishimura, M. and S. Somerville. 2002. Resisting attack. Science 295:2032-2033 [March 15, 2002]. This article is a perspective on those by Azevedo et al. and Austin et al. that appear in the same issue.
Palevitz, B.A. 2002. Researchers blast open pathogen genome. The Scientist 16(16)24-29. [August 19, 2002]; also available at http://www.the-scientist.com. This article presents an overview of rice blast and the importance of the sequencing of the genome of Magnaporthe grisea, the fungal pathogen that causes the disease.
Redecker, D., R. Kodner and L.E. Graham. 2000. Glomalean fungi from the Ordovician. Science 289(5486):1920-21. Clear fossil fungi from the Ordovician are reported.
Rice, R. A. and R. Greenberg. 2003. The chocolate tree. Natural History 112(6):36-43 [July/August 2003] The current status of cacao production, including efforts at disease management, is considered.
Ritter, S.K. 2001. Accepting the green challenge. Chemical and Engineering News 79(27):24-28. (July 2, 2001) EDEN Bioscience receives a Green Chemistry Award for the development of Messenger, a nontoxic natural protein that stimulates innate defense systems in more than 40 groups of crops to help protect against pests and disease.
Ritter, S.K. 2003. Green rewards. Chemical and Engineering News 81(26):30-35. [June 30, 2003] AgraQuest Inc. received a Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for developing Serenade, the first broad-spectrum biofungicide.
Rogers, P., S. Whitby and M. Dando. 1999. Biological warfare against crops. Scientific American 280(6):70 - 75. Plant pathogens as agents of biological warfare.
Rossman, A.Y. 2001. A special issue on global movement of invasive plants and fungi. Bioscience 51(2):93-153. Eight articles covering a range of topics on introduction and dispersal of plants and fungal plant pathogens constitute this special issue of Bioscience.
Schumann, G.L. and C. J. D'Arcy. 1999. Plant Pathology Courses for Agricultural Awareness. Plant Disease 83:492-501.
Shouse, B. 2003. Plant pathologists at the center of a circus: a devastating oak disease has reshaped two scientists' careers. Science 300:418-419 [April 18, 2003]. This article describes Matteo Garbelotto and David Rizzo's work on Sudden Oak Death.
Sommer, Robert. 1995. Why I continue to eat corn smut. Natural History 194(1):18-22 (January 1995). Maize infected with corn smut caused by Ustaligo maydis is a key ingredient in huitlacoche in Mexican cuisine. This brief article combines popular culinary anthropology with scientific information.
Trefil, J. 2001. Brave new world. Smithsonian 32(9):38-46. Trefil explores the implications of cloning, genetic engineering and other aspects of biotechnology in non-technical terms.
Wheelis, M., R. Casagrande, and L. Madden. 2002. Biological attack on agriculture: low-tech, high-impact bioterrorism. Bioscience 52(7):569-576. [July, 2002] This article is an overview of the vulnerability of the United States to agricultural bioterrorism and biocrimes; it is the lead article in a special section on these topics in this issue.
Wheelright, J. 1996. The berry and the poison. Smithsonian 27(9):40-51. This article discusses issues surrounding the use of methyl bromide to control Verticillium wilt in strawberry fields near Monterey Bay, California.
Wolkomir, R. 1998. Racing to revive our embattled elms. Smithsonian 29(3):40 - 49. This is a clearly written and informative description of efforts to save American elm tress from Dutch elm disease.
Yarnell, A. 2002. A global view of plant science. Chemical and Engineering News 80(30):29-34. [July 29, 2002] This article is an overview of research done at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Plant Pathologist Roger Beachy is President of the Danforth Center and directs work that is aimed at addressing worldwide problems.
Avery, D.T. 1995. Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic. Hudson Institute. Indianapolis, IN. This book presents many interesting facts and references to support the use of high input agriculture on the most productive land as the most efficient way to produce food and maintain wildlife and biodiversity. Certain to stimulate class discussions.
Agrios, G.N. 2005. Plant Pathology. Elsevier-Academic Press. One of the current introductory textbooks in plant pathology.
Brock, T. D. (ed.) 1999. Milestones in Microbiology: 1546 to 1940. ASM Press. Washington, D.C. An outstanding collection of translations of papers that are major importance in the history of microbiology.
Carefoot, G.L. and E.R. Sprott. 1967. Famine on the Wind. Rand McNally & Company. A fascinating and highly readable treatment of the social, political and biological stories of the most famous plant disease epidemics.
Charles, D. 2001. Lords of the harvest: biotech, big money and the future of food. Perseus Publishing, 348 pp. ISBN 0-7382-0291-6 More of a collection of stories than an argument, this book offers several perspectives on agricultural biotechnology.
Creager, A.N.H. 2002. The life of a virus: tobacco mosaic virus as an experimental model, 1930-1965. University of Chicago Press, 412 pp. ISBN 0-226-12025-2; also available in paperback ISBN 0-226-12026-0. The numerous "firsts" in the career of tobacco mosaic virus are presented as a rich portrait of practices of twentieth century life science.
Diamond, J. 1997. Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. Norton & Co.. New York, NY. An evaluation of how the presence of plants and animals that could be domesticated and the environment of early people played key roles in the development of civilization in various regions of the world.
Harlan, J.R. 1992. Crops and Man. American Society of Agronomy, Inc. Madison, WI. An interesting report on some of the most important food crops and their influence on history.
Hudler, G.W. 1998. Magical Mushrooms, Mischievous Molds. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. An entertaining and accurate treatment of the role of fungi in our lives written expressly for nonscience students.
Keller, E.F. 1983. A Feeling for the Organism: The Life and Work of Barbara McClintock. W.H. Freeman & Co. New York, NY. A wonderful portrait of an extraordinary scientist. It examines the human side of her life as a scientist as well as the difficult circumstances in which she had to work because of her sex. Includes readable accounts of her Nobel Prize winning work in genetics.
Large, E.C. 1962. The Advance of the Fungi. Dover Publications, New York NY. The classic account of the early days of plant pathology and microbiology. Written in the expressive language of old science. http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43089.aspx
Lucas, J. A. and C. H. Dickinson. 1998. Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens. Blackwell Science, Inc. Oxford, UK. One of the current introductory textbooks in plant pathology.
Lurquin, P.F. 2002. High Tech Harvest: Understanding Genetically Modified Food Plants. Westview (Perseus), Boulder, CO. The author presents an interesting and even-handed overview of the development of the technology and issues surrounding genetically modified food.
Maloy, O.C. and Murray, T.D. 2000. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology. John Wiles and Sons. New York, NY. This volume contains an excellent compilation of short articles with photographs and drawings and key references for the major terms, concepts, plant diseases and historical scientists of plant pathology.
Matossian, M.K. 1989. Poisons of the Past: Molds, Epidemics, and History. Yale University Press. New Haven CT. Matossian is an historian who has studied the connections between mycotoxins and ergot in the diet to witchcraft, the French Revolution and historical birth rates in Europe.
Mayle, P. 1991. Toujours Provence (Chapter 7 on truffle hunting). Vintage Books. New York, NY. Essentially a travel book, the chapter on truffle hunting will interest students.
Morris, J. and R. Bate (eds.) 1999. Fearing Food: Risk, Health & Environment. Butterworth-Heinemann Publishers. Woburn, MA. The effects of the new agricultural and food technologies, including genetically engineered seed, on health and the environment. Useful in class discussions about the relative impact of intensive farming and population growth on the environment.
National Research Council. 1996. Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens in the Human Diet. National Academy Press. Washington D.C. A detailed analytical summary by a panel of distinguished scientists on what is known and not known about carcinogens and anticarcinogens in the diet. Many useful references.
Noyd, R. K. 2000. Mycology Reference Cards. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This set of eight laminated and three-hole punched cards summarizes the major fungal groups with their key features, over 200 mycological terms and a glossary for quick reference. http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/42619.aspx
Postgate, J. 1992. Microbes and Man. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, U.K. A classic account of the role of microorganisms in human history with an emphasis on medically-important species.
Scheffer, R.P. 1997. The Nature of Disease in Plants. Cambridge University Press. This is a very readable book for non-specialists about the natural history of plant diseases, their biology and control. Plant pathology students and instructors will find it filled with interesting facts and perspectives.
Schumann, G.L. 1991. Plant Diseases: Their Biology and Social Impact. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This textbook was written expressly for the general education plant pathology course taught at the University of Massachusetts.http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/41167.aspx
Schumann, G.L.; D'Arcy, C.; August 2009. Essential Plant Pathology, Second Edition: With Interactive CD-ROM. APS PRESS. St. Paul, MN. This textbook is written specifically to the introductory course level. The book is reader-friendly with special "Did you know?" boxes that will spark the student interest by providing cultural and historical facts about plant diseases. Every chapter guides students to recommended resources, study questions, "Words to Know," Internet research exercises, and CD-Rom exercises. The textbook comes packaged with a CD-Rom that is useful to teachers and students. Teachers will use the copy-and-paste teaching tools to easily add images to PowerPoint lectures to reinforce concepts in the book. Students will use the CD-Rom to access exercises, reading materials and more. http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43818.aspx
Ulloa, M. and Hanlin, R.T. 2000. Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This is a clear, extensive dictionary with many photographs and illustrations. http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/42570.aspx
Viglierchio, D.R. 1991. The World of Nematodes. University of California. Davis, CA. A very readable account of the many roles of nematodes in the world with an emphasis on animal and plant parasites.
Barrett, Andrea. 1996. Ship Fever and Other Stories. W. W. Norton and Company, Inc. 256 pp. ISBN 0-393-31600-9 This book is a collection of novellas telling the experiences of immigrants, physicians and town's people at the Grosse Ile Immigration Station in Canada during the Great Irish Famine of 1845-52.
O Grada, Cormac. 2000. Black '47 and Beyond: The Great Irish Famine in History, Economics and Memory. Princeton University Press. 272 pp. ISBN 0-691-07015-6 Ireland's premier economic historian and one of the leading authorities on the Great Irish Famine examines the most lethal disaster to strike Europe in the nineteenth century.
Poirteir, Cathal. 1997. The Great Irish Famine. Dufour Editions, Incorporated. 283 pp. ISBN 0-8023-1316-7 This account considers the Famine from the perspective of the peasants who were dependent on the potato and the landlords who were forced to decide between staying solvent or providing for their workers.
Woodham-Smith, C. 1962. The Great Hunger. Harper and Row. New York, NY. An historical account of the Irish potato famine. Very little biology of late blight is described, but the human tragedy and its political and social causes are well described.
"Careers in Plant Pathology" This brochure describes the many facets and career opportunities in plant pathology. It is online at http://publish.apsnet.org/careers/careersinplantpathology/Pages/default.aspx
Big Fears, Little Risks. 1989. Narrated by Walter Cronkite. American Council on Science and Health. Film Counselors Associates, Inc. 447 W. 45th St., New York NY 10036. This video gives perspective to the exaggerated fears of health effects of industrial contaminants in the environment. An excellent film to stimulate discussion because it is contrary to most reports in the mass media.
The Biology of Fungal Pathogens, volume 1 2002. J-A. Verreet and H. Klink. APS Press, St. Paul, MN. Using a fusion of three-dimensional computer generated animation and photography, dynamic and visually stunning presentations of the life cycles of fungal plant pathogens are presented in this videotape.http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/42937.aspx
Dutch Elm Disease and the American Elm. Eastburn, D.M., C.J. D'Arcy and L. McKee. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. A video designed especially for students in general education plant pathology courses. It addresses the history of the introduced fungus that killed millions of elms, attempts to control the epidemics, and how the monoculture of elms along city streets contributed to spread of the disease.http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43380.aspx
Fungi: The Rotten World About Us. 1981. BBC Bristol Natural History Unit. Films Incorporated Video. 5547 Ravenswood. Ave. Chicago, IL 60640. A video that covers nearly every important role of fungi from the late blight epidemic to mycotoxins to mycorrhizae in a colorful and entertaining way.
Harvest of Fear, 2001. A Nova/Frontline Special Report, this is a great resource about the discussion on genetically negineered foods. It can be used for high school, college and advanced courses. The following link, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/harvest/, povides access to teacher resources for the video, which includes a link to purchase the video.
Late Blight and the Irish Potato Famine. 1996. Eastburn, D.M. and C.J. D'Arcy. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. A video designed especially for students in general education plant pathology courses. It addresses the biology as well as the social and political history behind the Irish potato famine and the birth of plant pathology and the germ theory. http://publish.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43372.aspx
Plant Pathogenic Fungi. This 13-min. movie has excellent footage of seven different plant pathogenic fungi or fungus-like organisms (Phytophthora, Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium, Verticillium, Sclerotium, and Sclerotinia). Available as DVD video from Strategic Communications, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521 (951) 827-2640. Price $40 (2006)
Of the Earth: Agriculture and the New Biology.1988. Industrial Biotechnology Association. Venard Films, Ltd. East Peoria, IL 61611. A video that addresses some of the fears people have about biotechnology. Several scientists discuss why the new methods are important, and the basics of genetic engineering using Agrobacterium tumefaciens are demonstrated. Although a little dated, it is a useful introduction to class discussion.
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, 1992. The American Experience. PBS Videos.1320 Braddock Pl., Alexandria VA 22314. A portrait of Rachel Carson, the individual, and the concerns about pesticides that played a key role in the beginning of the environmental movement. Useful to stimulate class discussions.
Seeds for Tomorrow. 1985. Nova Program. Coronet Film and Video. 420 Academy Dr. Northbrook IL 60062. This video addresses the issue of the loss of genetic resources, especially those of crop plants in their centers of origins. On-site film from around the world portrays the very human side of the future of our crop plants and food supply.
"Witches Curse" 2001. This first episode of the series "Secrets of the Dead II" theorizes about the role of ergotism in the Salem Witch trials of 1692. Read background information, an interview with behavioral psychologist Linnda Caporael, get links to other resources and order the videotape at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets.
World Population. 1990. Zero Population Growth, Inc. 1400 16th Street, N.W., Suite 320, Washington, D.C. 20036. A video that explores the issue of population growth.
All of the botanical image collections of the University of Wisconsin System can be accessed through their image library at http://botweb.uwsp.edu.
All the virology that is on the World Wide Web:http://www.virology.net/
The Big Picture Book of Viruses offers an easily searchable archive of images of many viruses, including plant pathogens. http://www.virology.net/Big_Virology/BVHomePage.html
British Society for Plant PathologyLinks to the BSPP newsletters, publications, and selected plant pathogen sites http://www.bspp.org.uk/
Concise, accurate descriptions of plant viruses (including many excellent electron micrographs and other illustrations) are available at http://www.dpvweb.net.
The education site of the North American Mycological Association at http://www.namyco.org/education lists many grade-appropriate activities for studying fungi in K-12 and introductory college classes, some of which are specific for various regions of the country.
Excellent descriptions of the fungi of California, along with photographs and numerous links are found at http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF.
Frank Potter's Science Gems is a collection of more than 14,000 science resources sorted by category, subcategory and grade level (K-16). http://www.sciencegems.com
Forestry Images and IPM images. This well organized site offers outstanding images of all aspects of forestry, with a specific section on diseases, and many images of diseases and insects in the IPM site. http://www.forestryimages.org and http://www.ipmimages.org
The Gateway to Educational Materials. http://www.thegateway.org.This site provides links to useful education pages on the Internet. An easy-to-use search engine with a filter to select for grade level makes the site especially convenient.
Gramene (http://www.gramene.org) is a searchable, comprehensive gene mapping resource for rice, maize and wild rice.
Internet Scout Project: Plant DiseasesUseful websites on plant pathology, plant disease diagnostics http://scout.wisc.edu/Archives/SPT--QuickSearch.php?ss=plant+diseases
The Microbial World http://www.biology.ed.ac.uk/research/groups/jdeacon/microbes/. This site is a thorough introduction to microbiology and includes fourteen profiles of plant-microbe interactions; very clear images are used to illustrate the text.
The Microbiology Portal at http://www.microbes.info offers a remarkably comprehensive introduction to all areas of microbiology with numerous links to explore specific topics.
MycoKey http://www.mycokey.com Mycokey contains a wealth of information and pictures of 282 genera and about 1,150 species of fungi; the text is in English and Danish.
A free compact disc of seven well-known songs with nematode-related lyrics that are both entertaining and educational can be obtained by sending a request to firstname.lastname@example.org. Their website (http://www.mactode.com) lists educational materials related to plant parasitic nematodes.
Ohio State University Plant Dictionary http://plantfacts.osu.edu/ This site is an encyclopedia and hypermedia resource of information about plants with over 5,000 images and searchable databases.
An outstanding collection of information ranging from photo galleries to molecular diagnostics for plant and insect parasitic nematodes can be found at http://nematode.unl.edu
Plant Pathology Internet Guide BookThe Plant Pathology Internet Guide Book is a subject oriented internet resource guide for plant pathology, applied entomology, and all related fields; includes plant pathology related internet sites and more useful resources. http://www.bspp.org.uk/ppigb/
Plants, Pathogens, and People: http://www.ppp.uiuc.edu/ A website developed to supplement the general education course at the University of Illinois. It includes modules on Dutch elm disease and late blight.
Purdue University Plant Pathology OutreachThe Botany and Plant Pathology Outreach Programs offers resources that can be used in classrooms, ideas for science projects, or to increase public awareness about plant science and plant disease related topics. http://www.btny.purdue.edu/outreach/teachresources.html
The Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory of the Agricultural Research Service. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-75-39-00. This site contains, among other things, an outstanding database of plant-associated fungi.
Tom Volk's Fungi: http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/A wonderful collection of images, fungal portraits each month, and a list of harmful fungi for Thanksgiving and beneficial fungi for Christmas.
US Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service - Science for Kids Website http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/kids/index.htmlThis site is clearly written and can be used by students. It includes interesting articles, ideas for science fair projects and resources related to agricultural topics
The WWW Virtual Library: Mycology: http://biodiversity.uno.edu/~fungi/ An excellent general information site about mycology with links to many other related sites.
Bananas, Cocoa and Coffee http://www.cabi.org This site is maintained by CABI, a leading global not-for-profit organization specializing in sustainable solutions for agricultural and environmental problems.
Blue Mold Forecast Homepagehttp://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/bluemold/ Forecasts are generated from March through August for the occurrence of blue mold of tobacco and the future movement of inoculum across North America.
California Oak Mortality Task Force http://www.suddenoakdeath.orgThis homepage reports the current status of Sudden Oak Death in the state.
Cereal Disease Laboratory http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?mode=36-40-05-00. This is a great source of information about rusts, Fusarium head blight, karnal bunt and many other diseases of cereal grains.
The Council for Biotechnology maintains a comprehensive site at http://www.whybiotech.com; text is in English, French and Spanish, and there is a section specifically designed for Teachers and Students. This site is a good source of background information on biotechnology, especially societal issues.
Cucurbits: cucumbers, gourds, melons and pumpkinshttp://www.cucurbit.org
Eastern Filbert Blight Help Page http://www.orst.edu/dept/botany/epp/EFBAnyone who grows or enjoys filberts (hazelnuts) should check out this site.
All about elm trees and elm tree care http://www.elmcare.com
Plant Disease Central http://pdc.unl.edu This site is an aid to educators and crop consultants in the diagnosis of field crop diseases in Nebraska and surrounding states.
Plant Viroids and VirusesLinks to useful sites concerning plant viroids and viruses. http://www.virtualology.com/virtualmuseumofnaturalhistory/halloftaxonomy/viruses/viroids.org/
The Spongospora Homepage http://www.pa.ipw.agrl.ethz.ch/spongospora Once considered to be fungi but now classified in the Protozoa, these pathogens do not have hyphae, spread by zoospores and survive as resting spores.
Vegetable MD Online. http://vegetableMDonline.ppath.cornell.edu This site is maintained by the Department of Plant Pathology at Cornell University. It covers only diseases of vegetable crops and is an excellent source of information and images.
Year-round viewing of a cornfield in Iowa is available at http://www.iowafarmer.com/corn_cam/. Soybeancam and dairycam are also offered.
EXCITE http://www.cdc.gov/exciteAlthough not specifically plant related, EXCITE is a self-contained collection of materials to introduce students (middle grades and up) to epidemiology in a comprehensive way.
Seed Pathology Committee of the Brazilian Association of Seed Technology http://www.patologiadesementes.com.br This website includes a manual for seed health testing, with pathogen descriptions and pictures of colonies; the text is in Portuguese.
Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center http://www.catie.ac.cr This site covers a vast range of topics in tropical agriculture; the text is in English and Spanish.
INCAPER http://www.incaper.es.gov.br/This site contains information about plant diseases in Brazil; the text is in Portuguese.
http://www.stri.org/ his site is a summary of research at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Center in Panama on mycorrhizal, endophytic and pathogenic fungi associated with plants in tropical forests.
The Public and Pesticides: Exploring the Interface http://www.ag.ohio-state.edu/~plantdoc/pubpest/ This site aims mainly at exploring the interfaces among public perception, science, communication and public policy regarding pesticides.
Plant Pathogen Identification Laboratory http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/ppil/lab.htmlPPIL is a service center located at North Carolina State University that uses state of the art morphological and molecular methods to identify plant pathogenic fungi and bacteria of importance locally, nationally, and internationally.
Check Biotech.comTimely news on biotechnology, links to agriculture http://www.checkbiotech.org/
Discovering the Food System (http://www.cce.cornell.edu/foodsys) is guided experiential learning program targeted for youths ages 12-18. This broadly based perspective of how food gets from the farm to our tables is suitable for anyone who is interested in food.
The International Food Information Council (http://www.ific.org) offers thorough coverage of nutrition and food safety with educational materials that teachers can easily adapt for classroom use. The information packet: Food Biotechnology: A Communications Guide to Improving Understanding (http://ific.org/publications/other/biotechcommguide.cfm) is particularly informative.
The National Academy of Sciences maintains Beyond Discovery (http://www.beyonddiscovery.org), a site that presents a series of articles that trace the origins of important recent scientific, technological and medical advances; agriculture, biology and environmental issues are covered well.
Dr. James Wandersee attempts to combat Plant Blindness at his website http://www.15degreelab.com and offers many practical ways for improving biological and botanical learning.
A compendium of hundreds of links to websites related to microbiology is offered at http://www.microbiology-direct.com. The site is divided into categories to ease searching for a particular subject.
Plant Genebanks: Food SecurityGenebanks are like an insurance policy for the future of agriculture. This site is dedicated to Plant Genebanks from the perspective of food security. http://www.actionbioscience.org/biodiversity/hawtin_cherfas.html
The Science Lab.Com (Biology)General links to botany, virology, mycology, microbiology http://www.the-science-lab.com/Biology/
Wisconsin FastPlants Pagehttp://www.fastplants.org/
Go to the National Public Radio WebSite at http://www.npr.org, Select a Program, and then Click on Archives or items that have been broadcast about plant pathology.
Thoughtful, balanced answers to questions about why genetically engineered food crops are developed, how their safety is determined and how they affect the global food system are available at http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/agbiotech.
The Partnership for Plant Genomics Education maintains a comprehensive website that includes curriculum materials and educational software at http://ceprap.ucdavis.edu.
The safety of genetically modified organisms and how regulators decide if food is safe is thoroughly addressed at http://www.riskassess.org, a site created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the University of Florida.
A web-based activity for high school students in which they assume roles advocating positions on field-testing of genetically modified corn is available at http://www.tccsa.net/webquest/shea.
http://www.PewAgBiotech.org Reports, background information, and newsletters are available on this well designed site.
http://www.cast-science.org This site features science education resources, with especially good materials for agricultural biotechnology.
http://www.dupont.com/biotech This site has brief but informative coverage of a broad range of topics with many links to a great variety of biotechnology sites.
Purdue University - Introduction to Agricultural Biotechnology. http://www.agriculture.purdue.edu/teachers/ This clearly written and well illustrated site provides 19 concise lessons about biotechnology in agriculture. Step-by-step introductions to the basic science and fundamental issues are the major topics addressed.
http://www.genomicart.org/genome-intro.htm This site provides an intelligible introduction to many issues related to genetic engineering in general.
http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/ This website provides information about and links to other resources on issues surrounding transgenic or genetically modified crops. The authors are engaged in plant genetics research and teaching and receive no funds from companies involved in transgenic crop development nor are they affiliated with groups campaigning against such crops.
Many of these sites feature outstanding images.Arizona http://ag.arizona.edu/PLP/plpextCalifornia http://www.ipm.ucdavis.eduFlorida http://edis.ifas.ufl.eduGeorgia http://www.plant.uga.edu/Extension/home.htmIdaho http://www.uidaho.edu/ag/plantdisease/home.htmMontana http://extn.msu.montana.edu/New York http://www.cce.cornell.edu/Ohio http://www.hcs.ohio-state.edu/plants.htmlSouth Carolina http://hgic.clemson.eduTexas http://plantpathology.tamu.edu/texlab/default.aspUtah http://www.extension.usu.edu/plantpath
Great short courses on basic botanical concepts for Master Gardeners are available in the online modules from Oregon State at http://www.orst.edu/extension/mg/botany.
University Plant Pathology Home Pages: http://publish.apsnet.org/members/directories/Pages/PPPrograms.aspx
Irish Potato Famine:Grosse Ile National Historic Site http://www.parkscanada.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/qc/grosseile/index_E.asp Grosse Ile is maintained by Parks Canada as a memorial to the more than 5,000 immigrants who died on he island after leaving Ireland during the Great Irish Famine.
Return of the Potato Blight http://whyfiles.org/128potato_blight. This is a well illustrated, easy to ready description of why late blight of potato is again becoming a world-wide issue.
Strokestown Park http://www.strokestownpark.ie/ This museum is 60 miles northwest of Dublin, Ireland, where The Famine Museum is located.
"What is Plant Pathology or Phytopathology?"A Powerpoint presentation developed for use in lectures and public speaking engagements. Members are welcome to download and use this presentation (powerpoint format 4.9 MB).
Laboratory Kit: Tracking Phytophthora infestans, the Irish Potato Famine Pathogen Kit, available from Carolina Biological Supply Company (see below). This is an advanced kit for experienced high school and college classes; students should have some technical skills with electrophoresis and the use of micropipettors; a thermal cycler is required.
American Type Culture Collection10801 University Blvd.Manassas, VA 20110Phone 800-638-6597 or 703-365-2700FAX 703-365-2750E-mail: email@example.comWebsite: http://www.atcc.orgATCC is the national collection of microorganisms for the United States and is comprehensive source for bacteria, fungi, mycoplasmas and other microbes.
Carolina Biological Supply CompanyP. O. Box 6010Burlington NC 27215Phone: (US and Canada): 800-334-5551FAX: 800-222-7112International Orders: 336-584-0381Website: http://www.carolina.comCarolina Biological Supply is a comprehensive source for microbial cultures, teaching kits, plants, and other supplies for biological education.
Ward's5100 West Henrietta RoadPost Office Box 92912Rochester, New York 14692-9012Phone (US and Canada): 800-962-2660FAX: 800-635-8439E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgWebsite: http://www.wardsci.comWard's is a comprehensive source for microbial cultures, teaching kits, plants, and other supplies for biological education.
Presque Isle CulturesP. O. Box 8191Presque Isle, PA 16505Phone: 814-833-6262FAX: 814-833-2834E-mail: email@example.comWebsite: http://www.picultures.comPresque Isle Cultures is a reliable source of bacterial, fungal and viral cultures.
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