Plant Pathology Jeopardy
MYCOJEOPARDY - 2000 version
Categories: Together Again, Stalking the Wild Mushroom, Stalking the Wild Mushroom II, Commercial Production, Human Diseases, Human Diseases II, Medicinal Mycelium, Delightful Insightful & Frightful, Lots of Rots, Keep Your House Wood Good, Don’t Bug Me, Potluck
$100 These organisms are symbiotic unions between algae and fungi.
$200 Lichens are sources of this chemical which can be used to determine pH.
$300 Roots of most plants are infected with fungi to form these beneficial structures.
$400 Mycorrhizae benefit plants in these two ways.
PROTECTION FROM ROOT PATHOGENS
INCREASED ABSORBTION OF WATER/NUTRIENTS
INTERPLANT TRANSFER OF WATER AND NUTRIENTS
$500 These tiny, scale-like fragments of a lichen body, containing both fungal and algal partners, are important means for wind dissemination of the lichen to new sites.
STALKING THE WILD MUSHROOM
$100 Make one of these by placing a mushroom cap right side up on black or white paper and covering the cap with a container to minimize air flow around it.
$200 As long as these spherical fruiting bodies are white inside, they’re OK to eat.
$300 These tasty, springtime mushrooms have a hollow stem and variably-shaped cap; they’re related to the cup fungi.
$400 Mushrooms should be dug rather than picked to be sure whether or not this cup-like structure is present at the base of the stem.
$500 Mushrooms in this group must be eaten the day they’re collected or they’ll “melt”.
STALKING THE WILD MUSHROOM II
$200 This structure, draped on the stem of a mushroom, forms when a membrane covering the gills breaks.
$400 These tasty fungi grow completely underground and depend on “nosey” animals to dig them up and disperse the spores
$600 Mushroom hunters are advised not to put their booty in these because growth of noxious bacteria and secondary fungi is likely.
$800 Boletes or cepes have this unique feature to separate them from most other mushrooms.
TUBES RATHER THAN GILLS
$1000 Mushrooms in this genus vaguely resemble morels. Many people eat them; some have been killed by them.
$200 This material is the major ingredient in compost used for commercial mushroom production.
HORSE MANURE/”STRAW BEDDED RACETRACK MATERIAL”
$400 Mycelium grown on grain and used to inoculate compost.
$600 The process of overlaying colonized compost with another, low-nutrient medium to stimulate fruiting is called this.
$800 Two kinds of mushrooms other than Agaricus bisporus currently grown “in captivity” for and sold to the general public.
$1000 Two variations of the common store mushroom selected for slightly more robust flavor.
$100 This disease got its name because some thought it looked like a lesion caused by a creature burrowing under the skin.
$200 Feces of these animals are substrates for fungi that cause some serious respiratory diseases.
$300 Increased international travel, increased use of immunosuppressant drugs and an aging population have contributed to this.
INCREASED MORTALITY FROM MYCOSES
$400 A fungus disease common in the southwest U.S., caused by a soil-borne fungus that is inadvertently inhaled by its victims.
VALLEY FEVER, COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS
$500 A fungus of this type can grow in two distinctly different morphological forms. Candida albicans is an example.
HUMAN DISEASES II
$200 A fungus disease occasionally contracted by gardeners and horticulturists who work with unsterile peat moss.
$400 Antifungal drugs for human use have unpleasant side effects for this reason.
SIMILARITY IN PHYSIOLOGY BETWEEN MAMMALIAN AND FUNGUS CELLS
$600 This antifungal drug got its name because its discoverers worked for the New York State Department of Health.
$800 This was the first antifungal drug discovered. Oddly enough, it is produced by a fungus.
$1000 About 8 different species of Aspergillus have been implicated in potentially serious diseases of this human organ.
$100 When this English scientist noticed that one of his contaminated bacterial cultures had died, he began a course of scientific discovery that would eventually net him a share of the Nobel Prize.
$200 Howard Florey and Ernst Chain led this large group of scientists collectively named after the university they worked at.
$300 A USDA lab in this city provided new strains of Penicillium and a method for producing increased quantities of penicillin.
$400 This fungus is reported to have medicinal properties and is a favorite of herbal apothecaries, especially in the Far East.
$500 As the penicillin story unfolded, scientists began looking for other organisms that produced beneficial drugs and found this group of microbes to be particularly rewarding.
DELIGHTFUL, INSIGHTFUL & FRIGHTFUL
$100 This finance journalist turned mycophile was a pioneer in the study of mushrooms and their role in cultural evolution.
R. GORDON WASSON
$200 This branch of mycology deals with the role of fungi in the evolution of civilizations.
$300 This Harvard psychology professor was so impressed with the powers of hallucinogenic mushrooms, that he began experimentation with them and was eventually “let go” for his excesses.
$400 This man theorizes that ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms gave some primates selective advantages, resulting in the evolution of humans and their social order.
$500 Some people argue that hallucinogenic properties of the Fly Agaric caused primitive peoples to revere it as this central figure in ancient Hindu writings.
LOTS OF ROTS
$100 The very first thing that must happen before decay of standing, living trees can possibly occur.
WOUND TO EXPOSE WOOD
$200 These fungi precede decay fungi on wounded trees. They do not decay wood but they may discolor it.
$300 Fungi that decay trees are usually representatives of this broad taxonomic group.
MUSHROOMS, BRACKET FUNGI, BASIDIOMYCETES
$400 This person is credited with developing our current day concepts of compartmentalization of decay in trees.
$500 These are three indicators of decay in a standing tree.
SEE A CAVITY
SEE ONE OR MORE FRUIT-BODIES
SEE A SEEDLING GROWING IN A BRANCH CROTCH
KEEP YOUR HOUSE WOOD GOOD
$200 Wood cannot rot unless it is this.
$400 Building codes require new houses to have one of these in each bathroom to minimize chances for moisture accumulation - thus, decay.
$600 These two species of trees are noted for their decay resistant wood.
$800 After a tree is wounded, barrier zones to the progress of discoloration and decay form in the tree. This is the strongest barrier zone.
THE ONE CREATED AS WOOD GROWS IMMEDIATELY AFTER
$1000 The most commonly used wood preservative for use in and around homes. The green stuff on treated wood.
CHROMATED COPPER ARSENATE (CCA)
DON’T BUG ME
$200 These South American insects cultivate fungi by collecting leaves from forest plants and carrying them to underground nests.
LEAF CUTTER ANTS
$400 Cornell scientists have recently discovered that a fungal parasite of these forest and shade tree pests has promise as a biocontrol agent.
$600 This is an example of a fungus-caused plant disease that is spread by insects.
DUTCH ELM DISEASE, OAK WILT
$800 Constricting rings, sticky nets, and lethal lollipops characterize fungi designed to trap these soil serpents.
$1000 These insects inoculate trees with fungi as they lay their eggs because their young can’t eat wood; they can eat fungi.
$200 Because lichens have no roots and get virtually all of their nourishment from the atmosphere, they are sensitive indicators of this.
$400 This is the Latin name of the common button mushroom which is sold in grocery stores.
$600 Inky caps plus alcohol induce symptoms like those caused by this drug.
$800 Wasson first studied hallucinogenic mushroom use in this country.
$1000 Poisonous Amanitas (other than the Fly Agaric) have this effect on the human body.
INHIBIT RNA POLYMERASE
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Updated: July 7, 2001