Curly top in sugar beet is a serious problem that is caused by Beet curly top virus and other closely related species and transmitted by the beet leafhopper. In order to find a means of reducing curly top in sugar beet, 15 combinations of insecticide seed (Poncho, Poncho Beta, and Poncho Votivo) and foliar (Asana, Cyazypyr, Lorsban, Mustang, Scorpion, and Sivanto) treatments were evaluated versus an untreated check during the 2012 and 2013 growing seasons. An epiphytotic was created by releasing viruliferous beet leafhoppers 58 to 59 days after planting. The foliar sprays were applied 6 to 7 days before and again 6 to 8 days after leafhopper release. Seed treatments (active ingredient: clothianidin) were able to reduce symptoms by 26 to 42% and increase recoverable sucrose by 16 to 21%. The pyrethroids Asana and Mustang also performed well by reducing symptoms 22 to 56% and increasing yields 13 to 20%. The neonicotinoid seed treatments should be an effective way of supplementing host resistance for early-season (at least 59 days after planting) curly top control in sugar beet. The pyrethroid foliar applications could be used to extend curly top control during the midseason period and provide resistance management.
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