Xylella fastidiosa causes disease in a number of economically important crops, ornamental plants, and shade trees, including grapevine, citrus, oleander, and sycamore. In pecan, X. fastidiosa causes pecan bacterial leaf scorch (PBLS), which leads to defoliation and reduces nut yield. No economically effective treatments are available for PBLS. In order to improve PBLS management practices, it is necessary to determine the subspecies of X. fastidiosa strains that infect pecan so that potential sources of inoculum may be identified. Multiprimer polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and phylogenetic analyses using nucleotide sequence data from the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic transcribed spacer (ITS) region and pglA consistently identified strains of X. fastidiosa isolated from pecan as X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP)-PCR analyses were congruent with phylogenetic analyses. REP-PCR analyses indicated genetic variation within strains of X. fastidiosa from pecan. From these same analyses, X. fastidiosa strains from sycamore, grapevine, and oleander from Louisiana were identified as subsp. multiplex, subsp. fastidiosa, and subsp. sandyi, respectively. This study provides additional information about the host ranges of X. fastidiosa subspecies.
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