Vitis and non-Vitis spp. surrounding nine Napa Valley vineyards were surveyed for Grapevine leafroll-associated virus (GLRaV)-1 to -5 and -9, Grapevine virus A (GVA), Grapevine virus B (GVB), and Grapevine virus D (GVD). Vitis spp. from three riparian areas not adjacent to vineyards were also included. DNA fingerprinting and probability analyses indicated that the Vitis samples consisted primarily of Vitis californica followed by V. californica × V. vinifera hybrids. Single and mixed infections of GLRaV-2, -3, GVA, or GVB were detected by conventional or quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction in 6 of the 66 V. californica and 11 of the 19 V. californica × V. vinifera hybrids. GLRaV-1, -4, -5, -9, and GVD were not detected. Phylogenetic analysis of GLRaV-2 and -3 partial coat protein gene nucleotide sequences indicated that the isolates from V. californica and V. californica × V. vinifera hybrids were closely related to isolates from V. vinifera.
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