Associations between stunt nematodes and yield of no-till annual spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) were examined at two eastern Oregon locations. Geocenamus brevidens was the only species detected at one location and was mixed with Tylenchorhynchus clarus at another location. Six cultivars were planted with or without application of aldicarb during 2001. Inverse correlations between yield and stunt nematode density were significant at the G. brevidens-only site (P = 0.04) but not the G. brevidens + T. clarus site (P = 0.44). Yields were inversely correlated (P < 0.01) with stunt nematode populations at both sites during 2002. Aldicarb improved grain yields at both locations during 2001 (17 and 24%, P < 0.01) but not at the single location treated with aldicarb during 2002 (10%, P = 0.06). A lack of association between yield and T. clarus in 19 previously unreported experiments is discussed. Reduced wheat yield in response to stunt nematodes in Oregon is likely due to parasitism by G. brevidens and not T. clarus. This is the first report associating G. brevidens with suppression of wheat yield in the Pacific Northwest. Further studies are needed to define cropping systems and locations where G. brevidens may cause economic damage.