Previous View
APSnet Home
Phytopathology Home


Ecology and Epidemiology

Epiphytology of Puccinia striiformis at Five Selected Locations in Oregon During 1968 and 1969. Robert G. Emge, Research Plant Pathologist, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Northeastern Region, Plant Disease Research Laboratory, Frederick, Maryland 21701; Robert D. Shrum, Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108. Phytopathology 66:1406-1412. Accepted for publication 15 April 1976. Copyright © 1976 The American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121. All rights reserved.. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-66-1406.

Epiphytological studies were conducted on stripe rust of wheat in northeastern Oregon during 1968-69. Five plot locations provided varied climates. Plants in the three- to four-leaf stage at the center of each plot were inoculated with uredospores of Puccinia striiformis at a dosage rate of 25 g/hectare. The spread and build-up of the stripe rust pathogen was closely followed during the growing season. Temperature, relative humidity, and dew formation were monitored within the plant stand. The pathogen-spread patterns indicated that the inoculated centers served as the only or the predominant source of initial inoculum. The epiphytotics of 1969 progressed more rapidly than those of 1968 with disease increase rates varying from 0.28 to 0.04. Upwind and downwind infection gradients and rates of disease increase were calculated for all plots. Yields varied sharply within and among plots. The data apply to the development of a predictive model of a stripe rust epiphytotic.

Additional keywords: climate, predictive model, epidemiology.