We have developed a restriction enzyme-mediated insertional mutagenesis (REMI) system for the maize pathogen Colletotrichum graminicola. In this report, we demonstrate the utility of a REMI-based mutagenesis approach to identify novel pathogenicity genes. Use of REMI increased transformation efficiency by as much as 27-fold over transformations with linearized plasmid alone. Ninety-nine transformants were examined by Southern analysis, and 51% contained simple integrations consisting of one copy of the vector integrated at a single site in the genome. All appeared to have a plasmid integration at a unique site. Sequencing across the integration sites of six transformants demonstrated that in all cases the plasmid integration occurred at the corresponding restriction enzyme-recognition site. We used an in vitro bioassay to identify two pathogenicity mutants among 660 transformants. Genomic DNA flanking the plasmid integration sites was used to identify corresponding cosmids in a wild-type genomic library. The pathogenicity of one of the mutants was restored when it was transformed with the cosmids.