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Resource Guide

Please help us add to the annotated Resource Catalog. Send complete citations, sources, a short description of the item and its potential application, and indicate which Resource Catalogs are appropriate for a listing (K-12, Introductory, and/or Advanced), to: Katherine L. Stevenson, Editor in Chief (ks@uga.edu).


Click on area you wish to view:

Storybook:

Plant Pathology: Past to Present is an illustrated storybook that describes the origin, relevance, and science of plant Pathology (available in English, Spanish, and Chinese versions). 

Posters:

"Plants Get Sick Too" This is a colorful poster that aims to catch the attention of youthful science students. Click here to download. Single copies can be obtained from APS Headquarters, Attn: Michelle Bjerkness, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul MN 55121.

"Plant Detectives- Discovering Why Plants Get Sick"is the 2003 youth poster for science students. Click here to download this free colorful poster.

Powerpoint Presentation:

This is a Powerpoint presentation developed by the American Phytopathological Society Office of Public Affairs and Educaton for use in lectures and public speaking engagements. You are welcome to download and use this presentation (powerpoint format 4.9 MB).

Brochure:

"Careers in Plant Pathology"This brochure describes the many facets and career opportunities in plant pathology. It is online here.

Articles:

This list has not been updated recently. Google scholar may be used to find more recent articles.

Ackerman, J. 2002. Food: How safe? How altered? National Geographic 201(5):2-50 [May 2002] As is typical for National Geographic, stunningly informative and beautiful photographs illustrate this comprehensive article on food safety. The "how altered?" section offers current and balanced insights.

Baskin, Y. 1998. Trouble at Timberline. Natural History 107(9):50-55. The current status of white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola) in the western forests.

Brown, K. 2001. Genetically modified foods: are they safe? Scientific American 284(4):50-57. This is a summary of scientific research on the safety of genetically modified foods.

Diener, T.O. 1981. Viroids. Scientific American 244(1):66-73. The story of the discovery and early research on viroids.

Gadsby, P. 2002. Endangered chocolate. Discover 23(8): 64-71. [August, 2002] This thoroughly engaging article intertwines good information about major diseases of cocao with the history and current economics of the crop.

Marchand, P. J. 2000. Life on a leaf. Natural History 109(4):70 - 73. A brief and highly informative introduction to fungal ecology of leaves.

Marvier, M. 2001. Ecology of transgenic crops. American Scientist 89(2):160-167. The article presents a clear analysis of some of the problems involved in measuring some of the risks associated with transgenic crops.

McCoy, R. E. 1988. What's killing the palm trees? National Geographic 174(1): 120-130. A beautifully illustrated article about the epidemic of lethal yellowing of palm trees in the Western Hemisphere.

Meisler, S. 1999. A masterpiece born of St. Anthony's fire. Smithsonian 30(6):70-76. A description and history of a massive altarpiece that played  important mystical and psychological roles in the treatment of ergotism.

Mitchell, J. K., K. M. Orsted and C.E. Warnes. 1997. Fun microbiology: using a plant pathogenic fungus to demonstrate Koch's postulates. American Biology Teacher 59:574-577. This article describes a laboratory exercise using the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene to infect Aeschynomene virginica (northern jointvetch, curly indigo).

Nickens, T. E. 2002. Sherlock of spuds. Smithsonian 33(9):30-31. [December, 2002] Plant Pathologist Jean Ristaino uses molecular techniques to determine which strain of Phytophthora infestans caused late blight of potatoes from samples taken from leaves that were collected in Ireland, Britain and France during the 1840's.

Rice, R. A. and R. Greenberg. 2003. The chocolate tree. Natural History 112(6):36-43 [July/August 2003] The current status of cacao production, including efforts at disease management, is considered.

Ritter, S.K. 2001. Accepting the green challenge. Chemical and Engineering News 79(27):24-28. (July 2, 2001) EDEN Bioscience receives a Green Chemistry Award for the development of Messengerä, a nontoxic natural protein that stimulates innate defense systems in more than 40 groups of crops to help protect against pests and disease.

Ritter, S.K. 2003. Green rewards. Chemical and Engineering News 81(26):30-35. [June 30, 2003] AgraQuest Inc. received a Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for developing Serenade, the first broad-spectrum biofungicide.

Rogers, P., S. Whitby and Dando, M. 1999. Biological warfare against crops. Scientific American 280(6):70 - 75. Plant pathogens as agents of biological warfare.

Rossman, A.Y. 2001. A special issue on global movement of invasive plants and fungi. Bioscience 51(2):93-153. Eight articles covering a range of topics on introduction and dispersal of plants and fungal plant pathogens constitute this special issue of Bioscience.

Shouse, B. 2003. Plant pathologists at the center of a circus: a devastating oak disease has reshaped two scientists' careers. Science 300:418-419 [April 18, 2003]. This article describes Matteo Garbelotto and David Rizzo's work on Sudden Oak Death.

Schumann, G.L. and C. J. D'Arcy. 1999. Plant Pathology Courses for Agricultural Awareness. Plant Disease 83:492-501.

Sommer, Robert. 1995. Why I continue to eat corn smut. Natural History 194(1):18-22 (January 1995). Maize infected with corn smut caused by Ustaligo maydis is a key ingredient in huitlacoche in Mexican cuisine. This brief article combines popular culinary anthropology with scientific information.

Wheelright, J. 1996. The berry and the poison. Smithsonian 27(9):40-51. This article discusses issues surrounding the use of methyl bromide to control Verticillium wilt in strawberry fields near Monterey Bay, California.

Wolkomir, R. 1998. Racing to revive our embattled elms. Smithsonian 29(3):40 - 49. This is a clearly written and informative description of efforts to save American elm tress from Dutch elm disease.

Yarnell, A. 2002. A global view of plant science. Chemical and Engineering News 80(30):29-34. [July 29, 2002] This article is an overview of research done at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis, Missouri. Plant Pathologist Roger Beachy is President of the Danforth Center and directs work that is aimed at addressing worldwide problems.

Books:

Avery, D.T. 1995. Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic. Hudson Institute. Indianapolis, IN. This book presents many interesting facts and references to support the use of high input agriculture on the most productive land as the most efficient way to produce food and maintain wildlife and biodiversity. Certain to stimulate class discussions.

Agrios, G.N. 2005. Plant Pathology. Elsevier-Academic Press. One of the current introductory textbooks in plant pathology

Brock, T. D. (ed.) 1999. Milestones in Microbiology: 1546 to 1940. ASM Press. Washington, D.C. An outstanding collection of translations of papers that are major importance in the history of microbiology.

Carefoot, G.L. and E.R. Sprott. 1967. Famine on the Wind. Rand McNally & Company. A fascinating and highly readable treatment of the social, political and biological stories of the most famous plant disease epidemics.

Carroll, J.E. 1994. Learning Biology with Plant Pathology. National Association of Biology Teachers. Reston, VA. A thorough, concise introduction for teachers who want to use laboratory exercises in their classrooms.

Creager, A.N.H. 2002. The life of a virus: tobacco mosaic virus as an experimental model, 1930-1965. University of Chicago Press, 412 pp. ISBN 0-226-12025-2; also available in paperback ISBN 0-226-12026-0. The numerous "firsts" in the career of tobacco mosaic virus are presented as a rich portrait of practices of twentieth century life science.

Diamond, J. 1997. Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. Norton & Co.. New York, NY. An evaluation of how the presence of plants and animals that could be domesticated and the environment of early people played key roles in the development of civilization in various regions of the world.

Harlan, J.R. 1992. Crops and Man. American Society of Agronomy, Inc. Madison, WI. An interesting report on some of the most important food crops and their influence on history.

Hudler, G.W. 1998. Magical Mushrooms, Mischievous Molds. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. An entertaining and accurate treatment of the role of fungi in our lives written expressly for nonscience students.

Keller, E.F. 1983. A Feeling for the Organism: The Life and Work of Barbara McClintock. W.H. Freeman & Co. New York, NY. A wonderful portrait of an extraordinary scientist. It examines the human side of her life as a scientist as well as the difficult circumstances in which she had to work because of her sex. Includes readable accounts of her Nobel Prize winning work in genetics.

Large, E.C. 1962. The Advance of the Fungi. Dover Publications, New York NY. The classic account of the early days of plant pathology and microbiology. Written in the expressive language of old science.
http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43089.aspx

Lucas, J. A. and C. H. Dickinson. 1998. Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens. Blackwell Science, Inc. Oxford, UK. One of the current introductory textbooks in plant pathology.

Lurquin, P.F. 2002. High Tech Harvest: Understanding Genetically Modified Food Plants. Westview (Perseus), Boulder, CO. The author presents an interesting and even-handed overview of the development of the technology and issues surrounding genetically modified food.

Maloy, O.C. and Murray, T.D. 2000. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology. John Wiles and Sons. New York, NY. This volume contains an excellent compilation of short articles with photographs and drawings and key references for the major terms, concepts, plant diseases and historical scientists of plant pathology.

Matossian, M.K. 1989. Poisons of the Past: Molds, Epidemics, and History. Yale University Press. New Haven CT. Matossian is an historian who has studied the connections between mycotoxins and ergot in the diet to witchcraft, the French Revolution and historical birth rates in Europe.

Mayle, P. 1991. Toujours Provence (Chapter 7 on truffle hunting). Vintage Books. New York, NY. Essentially a travel book, the chapter on truffle hunting will interest students.

Morris, J. and Bate, R. (eds.) 1999. Fearing Food: Risk, Health & Environment. Butterworth-Heinemann Publishers. Woburn, MA. The effects of the new agricultural and food technologies, including genetically engineered seed, on health and the environment. Useful in class discussions about the relative impact of intensive farming and population growth on the environment.

National Research Council. 1996. Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens in the Human Diet. National Academy Press. Washington D.C. A detailed analytical summary by a panel of distinguished scientists on what is known and not known about carcinogens and anticarcinogens in the diet. Many useful references.

Noyd, R. K. 2000. Mycology Reference Cards. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This set of eight laminated and three-hole punched cards summarizes the major fungal groups with their key features, over 200 mycological terms and a glossary for quick reference. http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/42619.aspx

Postgate, J. 1992. Microbes and Man. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, U.K. A classic account of the role of microorganisms in human history with an emphasis on medically-important species.

Scheffer, R.P. 1997. The Nature of Disease in Plants. Cambridge University Press. This is a very readable book for non-specialists about the natural history of plant diseases, their biology and control. Plant pathology students and instructors will find it filled with interesting facts and perspectives.

Schumann, G.L. 1991. Plant Diseases: Their Biology and Social Impact. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This textbook was written expressly for the general education plant pathology course taught at the University of Massachusetts.
http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/41167.aspx

Ulloa, M. and Hanlin, R.T. 2000. Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. This is a clear, extensive dictionary with many photographs and illustrations.

Viglierchio, D.R. 1991. The World of Nematodes. University of California. Davis, CA. A very readable account of the many roles of nematodes in the world with an emphasis on animal and plant parasites.

Books on the Irish Potato Famine:

Barrett, Andrea. 1996. Ship Fever and Other Stories. W. W. Norton and Company, Inc. 256 pp. ISBN 0-393-31600-9 This book is a collection of novellas telling the experiences of immigrants, physicians and town's people at the Grosse Ile Immigration Station in Canada during the Great Irish Famine of 1845-52.

O Grada, Cormac. 2000. Black '47 and Beyond: The Great Irish Famine in History, Economics and Memory. Princeton University Press. 272 pp. ISBN 0-691-07015-6 Ireland's premier economic historian and one of the leading authorities on the Great Irish Famine examines the most lethal disaster to strike Europe in the nineteenth century.

Poirteir, Cathal. 1997. The Great Irish Famine. Dufour Editions, Incorporated. 283 pp. ISBN 0-8023-1316-7 This account considers the Famine from the perspective of the peasants who were dependent on the potato and the landlords who were forced to decide between staying solvent or providing for their workers.

Woodham-Smith, C. 1962. The Great Hunger. Harper and Row. New York, NY. An historical account of the Irish potato famine. Very little biology of late blight is described, but the human tragedy and its political and social causes are well described.

Videotapes:

Big Fears, Little Risks. 1989. Narrated by Walter Cronkite. American Council on Science and Health. Film Counselors Associates, Inc. 447 W. 45th St., New York NY 10036. This video gives perspective to the exaggerated fears of health effects of industrial contaminants in the environment. An excellent film to stimulate discussion because it is contrary to most reports in the mass media.

Dutch Elm Disease and the American Elm. Eastburn, D.M., C.J. D'Arcy and L. McKee. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. A video designed especially for students in general education plant pathology courses. It addresses the history of the introduced fungus that killed millions of elms, attempts to control the epidemics, and how the monoculture of elms along city streets contributed to spread of the disease.
http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43380.aspx

Fungi: The Rotten World About Us. 1981. BBC Bristol Natural History Unit. Films Incorporated Video. 5547 Ravenswood. Ave. Chicago, IL 60640. A video that covers nearly every important role of fungi from the late blight epidemic to mycotoxins to mycorrhizae in a colorful and entertaining way.

Harvest of Fear, 2001. A Nova/Frontline Special Report, this is a great resource about the discussion on genetically negineered foods. It can be used for high school, college and advanced courses. The following link, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/harvest/, povides access to teacher resources for the video, which includes a link to purchase the video.

Late Blight and the Irish Potato Famine. 1996. Eastburn, D.M. and C.J. D'Arcy. APS Press. St. Paul, MN. A video designed especially for students in general education plant pathology courses. It addresses the biology as well as the social and political history behind the Irish potato famine and the birth of plant pathology and the germ theory. http://www.apsnet.org/apsstore/shopapspress/Pages/43372.aspx

Plant Pathogenic Fungi. This 13-min. movie has excellent footage of seven different plant pathogenic fungi or fungus-like organisms (Phytophthora, Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium, Verticillium, Sclerotium, and Sclerotinia). Available as DVD video from Strategic Communications, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521 (951) 827-2640. Price $40 (2006)

Of the Earth: Agriculture and the New Biology.1988. Industrial Biotechnology Association. Venard Films, Ltd. East Peoria, IL 61611. A video that addresses some of the fears people have about biotechnology. Several scientists discuss why the new methods are important, and the basics of genetic engineering using Agrobacterium tumefaciens are demonstrated. Although a little dated, it is a useful introduction to class discussion.

Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, 1992. The American Experience. PBS Videos.1320 Braddock Pl., Alexandria VA 22314. A portrait of Rachel Carson, the individual, and the concerns about pesticides that played a key role in the beginning of the environmental movement. Useful to stimulate class discussions.

Seeds for Tomorrow. 1985. Nova Program. Coronet Film and Video. 420 Academy Dr. Northbrook IL 60062. This video addresses the issue of the loss of genetic resources, especially those of crop plants in their centers of origins. On-site film from around the world portrays the very human side of the future of our crop plants and food supply.

"Witches Curse" 2001. This first episode of the series "Secrets of the Dead II" theorizes about the role of ergotism in the Salem Witch trials of 1692. Read background information, an interview with behavioral psychologist Linnda Caporael, get links to other resources and order the videotape at http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets.

World Population. 1990. Zero Population Growth, Inc. 1400 16th Street, N.W., Suite 320, Washington, D.C. 20036. A video that explores the issue of population growth.

Websites:

Comprehensive Websites

All of the botanical image collections of the University of Wisconsin System can be accessed through their image library at http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/.

Concise, accurate descriptions of plant viruses (including many excellent electron micrographs and other illustrations) are available at http://www.dpvweb.net.

The education site of the North American Mycological Association at http://www.namyco.org/education lists many grade-appropriate activities for studying fungi in K-12 and introductory college classes, some of which are specific for various regions of the country.

Frank Potter's Science Gems is a collection of more than 14,000 science resources sorted by category, subcategory and grade level (K-16). http://www.sciencegems.com

Excellent descriptions of the fungi of California, along with photographs and numerous links are found at http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF.

The Gateway to Educational Materials.http://www.thegateway.org. This site provides links to useful education pages on the Internet. An easy-to-use search engine with a filter to select for grade level makes the site especially convenient.

The Microbial World http://www.biology.ed.ac.uk/research/groups/jdeacon/microbes/. This site is a thorough introduction to microbiology and includes fourteen profiles of plant-microbe interactions; very clear images are used to illustrate the text.

The Microbiology Portal at http://www.microbes.info offers a remarkably comprehensive introduction to all areas of microbiology with numerous links to explore specific topics.

A free compact disc of seven well-known songs with nematode-related lyrics that are both entertaining and educational can be obtained by sending a request to mactode@mac.com. Their website (http://www.mactode.com) lists educational materials related to plant parasitic nematodes.

An outstanding collection of information ranging from photo galleries to molecular diagnostics for plant and insect parasitic nematodes can be found at http://nematode.unl.edu

Plants, Pathogens, and People: http://www.ppp.uiuc.edu/ A website developed to supplement the general education course at the University of Illinois. It includes modules on Dutch elm disease and late blight.

Purdue University Plant Pathology Outreach
The Botany and Plant Pathology Outreach Programs offers resources that can be used in classrooms, ideas for science projects, or to increase public awareness about plant science and plant disease related topics. http://www.btny.purdue.edu/outreach/teachresources.html

The Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory of the Agricultural Research Service. http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=12-75-39-00.This site contains, among other things, an outstanding database of plant-associated fungi.

Tom Volk's Fungi: http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/
A wonderful collection of images, fungal portraits each month, and a list of harmful fungi for Thanksgiving and beneficial fungi for Christmas.

US Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service - Science for Kids Websitehttp://www.ars.usda.gov/is/kids/index.html. This site is clearly written and can be used by students. It includes interesting articles, ideas for science fair projects and resources related to agricultural topics

Websites Devoted to Specific Diseases, Pathogens or Crops

Backyard Fruit Disease Management
By Dr. Mike Ellis, Ohio State University http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/fruitpathology/backyard/

Blue Mold Forecast Homepage http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/bluemold/Forecasts are generated from March through August for the occurrence of blue mold of tobacco and the future movement of inoculum across North America.

California Oak Mortality Task Force http://www.suddenoakdeath.org This homepage reports the current status of Sudden Oak Death in the state.

Cereal Disease Laboratory
http://www.ars.usda.gov/main/site_main.htm?modecode=36-40-05-00 This is a great source of information about rusts, Fusarium head blight, karnal bunt and many other diseases of cereal grains.

The Council for Biotechnology maintains a comprehensive site at http://www.whybiotech.com; text is in English, French and Spanish, and there is a section specifically designed for Teachers and Students. This site is a good source of background information on biotechnology, especially societal issues.

Eastern Filbert Blight Help Page http://www.orst.edu/dept/botany/epp/EFB Anyone who grows or enjoys filberts (hazelnuts) should check out this site.

K-12 Outreach: Rice Blast Genomics
The K-12 educational outreach facilitated by The Science House provides opportunities for high school students to visualize connections between the activities of the research scientist and real world applications with activities and experiences that reflect the research activities of the genomic scientists involved in studying the rice blast pathogen. http://www.science-house.org/fungal/kentucky/speaker.html

Plant Disease Central http://pdc.unl.eduThis site is an aid to educators and crop consultants in the diagnosis of field crop diseases in Nebraska and surrounding states.

Vegetable MD Online. http://vegetableMDonline
.ppath.cornell.edu
This site is maintained by the Department of Plant Pathology at Cornell University. It covers only diseases of vegetable crops and is an excellent source of information and images.

Year-round viewing of a cornfield in Iowa is available at http://www.iowafarmer.com/corn_cam/. Soybeancam and dairycam are also offered.

Miscellaneous: A variety of Sites Related to Plant Pathology

American Biology Teacher
National Association of Biology Teachers
The American Biology Teacher, a nationally recognized journal, brings you specific how-to-do-it suggestions for the classroom and laboratory, field activities, interdisciplinary programs, and articles on recent advances in biology and life science. http://www.nabt.org/sites/S1/index.php?p=5

EXCITE http://www.cdc.gov/excite
Although not specifically plant related, EXCITE is a self-contained collection of materials to introduce students (middle grades and up) to epidemiology in a comprehensive way.

TULIP
Teachers Using Living Plants
The focus of this site is to encourage in-service teachers to use and expose pre-service teachers to the need for including living plants in elementary, middle, and high school classrooms. http://www.uwlax.edu/faculty/gerber/html/about-tulip.htm

The Science Lab.Com (Biology)
General links to botany, virology, mycology, microbiology http://www.the-science-lab.com/Biology/

Discovering the Food System (http://www.cce.cornell.edu/foodsys) is guided experiential learning program targeted for youths ages 12-18. This broadly based perspective of how food gets from the farm to our tables is suitable for anyone who is interested in food.

The International Food Information Council (http://www.ific.org) offers thorough coverage of nutrition and food safety with educational materials that teachers can easily adapt for classroom use. The information packet: Food Biotechnology: A Communications Guide to Improving Understanding (http://ific.org/publications/other/biotechcommguide.cfm) is particularly informative.

The National Academy of Sciences maintains Beyond Discovery (http://www.beyonddiscovery.org), a site that presents a series of articles that trace the origins of important recent scientific, technological and medical advances; agriculture, biology and environmental issues are covered well.

Dr. James Wandersee attempts to combat Plant Blindness at his website http://www.15degreelab.com and offers many practical ways for improving biological and botanical learning.

A compendium of hundreds of links to websites related to microbiology is offered at http://www.microbiology-direct.com. The site is divided into categories to ease searching for a particular subject.

Plant Pathology on the Airwaves

Go to the National Public Radio WebSite at http://www.npr.org, Select a Program, and then Click on Archives for items that have been broadcast about plant pathology.

Program Date Story
Bryant Park Project BPP Newscast Apr-18-2008 Top of the News, Sudden oak death
Talk of the Nation Feb-29-2008 Bacteria Assists in Formation of Ice and Snow, a plant pathogen can be involved in frost damage to plants, but also in snow formation
Day to Day Mar-17-2008 White House Overrules EPA on Air Quality Standards. Plant pathology includes studies of air quality effects on plants
Talk of the Nation Jun-09-2006 Plant Diseases Imperil Chocolate Production
Talk of the Nation May-05-2006 Are Genetically Modified Crops Safe?
Weekend Edition May 26, 2005 Saving Chestnut Trees
Weekend Edition March 13, 2005 Elm Trees Stage a Comeback
All Things Considered December 2, 2004 Soybean Rust Plagues U.S. Crops
All Things Considered November 10, 2004 Report Urges End to Spread of Modified Corn in Mexico
Morning Edition April 12, 2004 Calif. Nurseries Feel Pinch from Fungus (Phytophthora ramorum)
Talk of the Nation March 5, 2004 Genetically Engineered Organisms
All Things Considered March 26, 2004 Father of 'Green Revolution' Derides Organic Movement (Norman Borlaug)
Morning Edition July 18, 2003 Sudden Oak Death
All Things Considered September 12, 2002 Sudden Oak Death
Weekend Edition - Saturday July 20, 2002 Potato Famine
All Things Considered June 24, 2002 Florida Battles Citrus Canker
All Things Considered June 20, 2002 Is Global Warming Nurturing Parasites?
Morning Edition March 22, 2002 Quorn
Morning Edition November 21, 2001 Sudden Oak Death
All Things Considered June 7, 2001 Potato Blight
Morning Edition April 5, 2001 Sharpshooter Infestation
Morning Edition August 25, 2000 Sudden Oak Death Syndrome
All Things Considered March 7, 2000 Kudzu-killing Fungus
All Things Considered January 21, 2000 Citrus Canker
Talk of the Nation November 26, 1999 Magical Mushrooms, Mischievous Molds
All Things Considered February 19, 1997 Plant Disease Warning
All Things Considered June 6, 1996 Dutch Elm Disease

Agricultural Biotechnology, Transgenic Crops and Genetically Modified Food

A web-based activity for high school students in which they assume roles advocating positions on field-testing of genetically modified corn is available at http://www.tccsa.net/webquest/shea.

Thoughtful, balanced answers to questions about why genetically engineered food crops are developed, how their safety is determined and how they affect the global food system are available at http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/agbiotech.

The Partnership for Plant Genomics Education maintains a comprehensive website that includes curriculum materials and educational software at http://ceprap.ucdavis.edu.

Purdue University - Introduction to Agricultural Biotechnology. http://www.agriculture.purdue.edu/
teachers/
This clearly written and well illustrated site provides 19 concise lessons about biotechnology in agriculture. Step-by-step introductions to the basic science and fundamental issues are the major topics addressed.

The safety of genetically modified organisms and how regulators decide if food is safe is thoroughly addressed at http://www.riskassess.org, a site created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the University of Florida.

http://www.genomicart.org/genome-intro.htm This site provides an intelligible introduction to many issues related to genetic engineering in general.

http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/ This website provides information about and links to other resources on issues surrounding transgenic or genetically modified crops. The authors are engaged in plant genetics research and teaching and receive no funds from companies involved in transgenic crop development nor are they affiliated with groups campaigning against such crops.

Plant Pathology Extension and/or Education Activities in Various States

Many of these sites feature outstanding images.
Arizona http://ag.arizona.edu/PLP/plpext
California http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu
Florida http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu
Idaho http://www.uidaho.edu/ag/plantdisease/home.htm
Montana http://extn.msu.montana.edu/
South Carolina http://hgic.clemson.edu
Texas http://plantpathology.tamu.edu/texlab/default.asp
University Plant Pathology Home Pages: http://www.apsnet.org/members/apsleadership/comm/Pages/gstud.aspx?Code=uprogs

Great short courses on basic botanical concepts for Master Gardeners are available in the online modules from Oregon State at http://www.orst.edu/extension/mg/botany.

Irish Potato Famine:

Grosse Ile National Historic Site http://www.parkscanada.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/qc/grosseile/index_E.asp Grosse Ile is maintained by Parks Canada as a memorial to the more than 5,000 immigrants who died on the island after leaving Ireland during the Great Irish Famine.

Return of the Potato Blight http://whyfiles.org/128potato_blight. This is a well illustrated, easy to ready description of why late blight of potato is again becoming a world-wide issue.

Strokestown Park http://www.strokestownpark.ie/ This museum is 60 miles northwest of Dublin, Ireland, where The Famine Museum is located.

Microbe and Laboratory Supply Sources:

Disclaimer of Endorsement: These supplies are listed for the convenience of K-12 teachers. Reference herein to any trademark, proprietary product, or company name is intended for explicit description only and does not constitute or imply endorsement or recommendation by APSnet, The American Phytopathological Society, personnel of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, or anyone else.

American Type Culture Collection
10801 University Blvd.
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone 800-638-6597 or 703-365-2700
FAX 703-365-2750
news@atcc.org
http://www.atcc.org
ATCC is the national collection of microorganisms for the United States and is comprehensive source for bacteria, fungi, mycoplasmas and other microbes.

BIO Corporation
3911 Nevada Street
Alexandria, MN 56308
800-222-9094
800-332-9094 fax
biocorp@rea-alp.com
http://www.biologyproducts.com

Carolina Biological Supply Company
P. O. Box 6010
Burlington NC 27215
Phone: (US and Canada): 800-334-5551
FAX: 800-222-7112
International Orders: 336-584-0381
http://www.carolina.com
Carolina Biological Supply is a comprehensive source for microbial cultures, teaching kits, plants, and other supplies for biological education.

Cynmar Corporation
21709 Route 4 North
P.O. Box 530
Carlinville, IL 62626
800-223-3517
cynmar@cynmar.com
http://www.cynmar.com

Delta Biologicals
P.O. Box 26666
Tucson, AZ 85726-6666
800-821-2502
sales@deltabio.com
http://www.deltabio.com

Fast Plants
Plant materials, supplies, and ideas for activities with "fast plants"
Wisconsin Fast Plants Program
University of Wisconsin - Madison
1630 Linden Drive
Madison, WI 53706
800-462-7417
info@fastplants.org
http://www.fastplants.org

Fisher Science Education
485 S. Frontage Road
Burr Ridge, IL 60521
630-259-1200
630-259-4515/5 fax
http://www.fishersci.com

Forestry Suppliers, Inc.
205 West Rankin Street
Jackson, MS 39201
800-647-5368
http://www.forestry-suppliers.com

Laboratory Kit:
Tracking Phytophthora infestans, the Irish Potato Famine Pathogen Kit, available from Carolina Biological Supply Company (see above). This is an advanced kit for experienced high school and college classes; students should have some technical skills with electrophoresis and the use of micropipettors; a thermal cycler is required.

Milo, Inc.
18 Adrian Court
Burlingame, CA 49010
1-888-228-6456

Nasco-Fort Atkinson
901 Janesville Ave.
P.O. Box 901
Fort Atkinson, WI 53538-0901
920-563-2446
info@eNASCO.com
http://www.enasco.com

Nasco-Modesto
4825 Stoddard Rd.
Modesto, CA 95356-9318
209-545-1600
modesto@eNASCO.com
http://www.enasco.com

National Gardening Association
1100 Dorset Street
South Burlington, VT 05403
800-538-7476
http://www.kidsgardeningstore.com

Presque Isle Cultures
P. O. Box 8191
Presque Isle, PA 16505
Phone: 814-833-6262
FAX: 814-833-2834
pic@velocity.net
http://www.picultures.com
Presque Isle Cultures is a reliable source of bacterial, fungal and viral cultures.

Schoolmasters Science
745 State Circle Box 1941
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
1-800-521-2832
science@schoolmasters.com
http://www.schoolmasters.com

Science Kit and Boreal Laboratories
P.O. Box 5003
Tonawanda, NY 14150
1-800-828-7777
www.sciencekit.com

Triarch, Inc.
P.O. Box 98
Ripon, WI 54971-0098
800-848-0810
triarch@centurytel.net

Ward's
5100 West Henrietta Road
Post Office Box 92912
Rochester, New York 14692-9012
Phone (US and Canada): 800-962-2660
FAX: 800-635-8439
customerservice@wardsci.com
http://www.wardsci.com
Ward's is a comprehensive source for microbial cultures, teaching kits, plants, and other supplies for biological education.

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APS Press Bookstore