Galloway was the most influential figure in the early growth and development of plant pathology and plant science within USDA, starting in 1887. Promoted to section chief in 1888 and director of the Office of Plant Industry in 1900, Galloway oversaw the expansion of plant disease research within USDA. He rose through the ranks of USDA, becoming the Assistant Secretary of Agriculture in 1913. He spent the last 16 years with the USDA as an advisor, primarily on foreign plant introductions and quarantines. He studied a number of diseases and provided information on basic biology. He also expanded the USDA fungal herbarium from 3,000 to more than 14,000 specimens in only a few years, resulting in the hiring of F. S. Earle and F. W. Patterson. Galloway was a charter member of APS.
(Submitted for publication in July 2008.)